Requisitos para Titulación Especialidad en Antropología Forense

Información a todos los egresados de la Primera y Segunda Generación de la Especialidad en Antropología Forense, con respecto al proceso de Titulación.

1.- Tramite de liberación: Después de que se cumplen el 100% de créditos y la acreditación de idioma y el proyecto de tesina es avalado por el director de la tesis, se procede a ser aprobado por la academia de la Especialidad en Antropología Forense  es indispensable que los egresados acudan al laboratorio de Osteología  de la ENAH (ubicado en el primer piso del edificio principal de la escuela). Donde se te facilitara  un escrito dirigido a la subdirección de investigación, para que esta a su vez emita la carta de liberación de tesina y continúes con tu trámite de titulación.

2.-  Entrega de documentos: Después de haber realizado las especificaciones del punto 1, se deben de dirigir al departamento de “Exámenes Profesionales y Titulación” que se encuentra en la planta baja del edificio Anexo de la Escuela Nacional de Antropología e Historia,  donde se entregaran los siguientes documentos:

  1. a) Copia de la  Carta de liberación de tesina
  2. b) Kardex o boleta global con el 100% de los créditos, Horas de prácticas completas y constancia de acreditación de idioma.
  3. c) Lista de sinodales, llenada a máquina o en computadora, con el nombre completo y correctamente escrito de cada uno de los sinodales (3) con firmas y/o sellos correspondientes de cada uno.
  4. d) 2 ejemplares de la tesina (uno impreso y otro en digital en CD. En Formato PDF.)
  5. e) 13 fotografías (1tamaño titulo, 5 tamaño credencial rectangular, 5 tamaño infantil, 2tamaño credencial ovalo) todas de frente, en blanco y negro con retoque, en papel mate, con el nombre completo en cada una de ellas.
  6. f) Copia de CURP, ampliada al 200%.
  7. g) Copia del título y Cedula Profesional anterior.
  8. h) Comprobante de estancia legal en México (solo en caso de ser extranjero)
  9. i) Formato DGP y Formato de Pago por título, Concepto de derechos y

3.- Pagos: Se deben realizar los siguientes pagos, los formatos son entregados en el departamento de Exámenes Profesionales y Titulación:

  1. a) $250 pago por expedición de Titulo (en ventanilla de la ENAH).
  2. b) $64 Compulsa (revisión de documentos ante la S.E.P.).
  3. c) $1700 por concepto de pago de derechos (Pago en Banco Banamex).

4.- Entrega de Tesinas: se deben entregar de la manera siguiente:

03 Para los Sinodales (una para cada uno)

03 Para los Sinodales suplentes (una para cada uno)

01 para el director de la Tesina.

02 Para la Biblioteca de Antropología   (una impresa y otra en formato digital en CD. Formato PDF.) Ubicada en el Museo Nacional de Antropología e Historia.

02 Para la biblioteca Guillermo Bonfil Batalla  (una impresa y otra en formato digital en CD. Formato PDF.) Ubicada en la Escuela Nacional de Antropología e Historia

02 Para el departamento de Exámenes Profesionales y Titulación (una impresa y otra en formato digital en CD. Formato PDF.) En la ENAH.

5.- Recordatorio: es importante que no olviden que  a partir del momento que terminan de cumplir con el 100% de créditos del plan de estudios de la Especialidad en Antropología Forense, tienen 2 años para entregar proyecto de titulación y este sea aprobado por la academia.

informes y dudas:

Tel: Llamar 4040 4300 Ext. 411906 y 411907

Messenger: @EAFENAHMEX




Hello good afternoon to all, today 14/November/2017 We are proud to present the dissertation of the student Itzel Landa Juárez, entitled “Microstructural alterations in non-human bone tissue (sus Scrofa) by defects of exposure to dry heat” as part of its Project of qualification in the specialization in forensic anthropology, taught by the National School of Anthropology and history, And that the verdict of his work on the part of the jury was accepted with honorable mention and right to publication. It is an Honor to be the first of the first generation in the history of the specialty in forensic anthropology, so we extend a cordial congratulations and encourage you to continue working in the forensic field professionally. We leave the file in case someone wants to review and can be useful.


In a case of forensic investigation, it is important to obtain information on all indications, including those exposed to fire or heat to make an identification during the analysis.

The bones exposed to heat usually present significant alterations in both physical and chemical properties and this can obtaculizar the forensic anthropological analyses and it is for this reason that it is necessary to investigate and to carry out studies that Provide useful and necessary information to make accurate descriptions and compasses that lead to an approximate outcome of what happened in the case. This study was made with fragments of pig bone (Sus scrofa domesticus), them to a laboratory furnace (muffle) at temperatures of 300 ° C, 400 ° C, 500 ° C 600 ° C, 700 ºc, 800 ºc and 900 ° C for exposure periods of 15 minutes and 30 minutes; These fragments were observed in the scanning electron microscope (MEB).

I considered observing and analysing several aspects of macroscopic and microscopic observations such as the following:
macroscopically were color, shrinkage, weight loss and fractures.
Microscopically they were the size and shape of the osteons, the Havers conduits, the fractures and the crystals.

Antropologia Forense Tesina (Sus scrofa)IMG_1442IMG_1447IMG_1457IMG_1451IMG_1441IMG_1467IMG_1473IMG_1498 - copiaIMG_1470Antropologia Forense Tesina (Sus scrofa)

Cranial Indicators Identified for Peak Incidence of Otitis Media


Acute otitis media (AOM) is one of the most common pediatric conditions worldwide. Peak age of occurrence for AOM has been identified within the first postnatal year and it remains frequent until approximately six postnatal years. Morphological differences between adults and infants in the cartilaginous Eustachian tube (CET) and associated structures may be responsible for development of this disease yet few have investigated normal growth trajectories. We tested hypotheses on coincidence of skeletal growth changes and known ages of peak AOM occurrence. Growth was divided into five dental eruption stages ranging from edentulous neonates (Stage 1) to adults with erupted third maxillary molars (Stage 5). A total of 32 three-dimensional landmarks were used and Generalized Procrustes Analysis was performed. Next, we performed principal components analysis and calculated univariate measures. It was found that growth change in Stage 1 was the most rapid and comprised the largest amount of overall growth in upper respiratory tract proportions (where time is represented by the natural logarithmic transformation of centroid size). The analysis of univariate measures showed that Stage 1 humans did indeed possess the relatively shortest and most horizontally oriented CET’s with the greatest amount of growth change occurring at the transition to Stage 2 (eruption of deciduous dentition at five postnatal months, commencing peak AOM incidence) and ceasing by Stage 3 (approximately six postnatal years). Skeletal indicators appear related to peak ages of AOM incidence and may contribute to understanding of a nearly ubiquitous human disease

Humanitarian forensic action — Its origins and future


Humanitarian forensic action is the application of the knowledge and skills of forensic medicine and science to humanitarian action, especially following conflicts or disasters. It has its early roots in the experience of the Argentine Forensic Anthropology Team and that of the Grandmothers of Plaza de Mayo in Argentina, is moulded by International Humanitarian and Human Rights Law and was developed by the International Committee of the Red Cross. Having demonstrated its worth, this new field of application of forensic medicine and science needs further development, integration and research.


Humanitarian forensic action
History and background
Preparing for an unpredictable future
International cooperation


THE UNCLAIMED DEAD In Texas, the Bodies of Migrants Who Perished in the Desert Provide Clues to the Living

The bodies are typically found by accident. A decaying corpse drying out in the Texas sun, stumbled upon by a hunter or ranch hand. A call might be placed to the sheriff’s office or the remains might be loaded into the back of a pickup truck. Often, they will be delivered to a rural cemetery where paperwork may or may not be filled out before they are lowered into a hole in some unclaimed corner of the graveyard. Sometimes, a tin marker bearing words such as “unidentified male” or “unidentified female” will be left to signal the deceased’s final resting place, but often not. And so it has been for years in Brooks County, an expanse of sprawling ranches some 75 miles north of the U.S.-Mexico border, where more than 550 dead migrants have been found since 2009, marking the highest total for any county in the state.

A Path to America, Marked by More and More Bodies

FACTS and Operation Identification are featured on the front page of the NY Times.

“Over 16 years, the Border Patrol documented 6,023 deaths in the four states bordering Mexico, more than the Sept. 11 attacks and Hurricane Katrina combined.”

“When we get them, we assign them a case number because we have to have a way of tracking cases, but no one deserves to be just a number,” said Timothy P. Gocha, a forensic anthropologist with Operation Identification, a project at Texas State University’s Forensic Anthropology Center that analyzes the remains and personal items of the immigrants to help identify them. “The idea is to figure out who they are, and give them their name back.”

SAN MARCOS, TEX. — Case 0435 died more than a mile from the nearest road, with an unscuffed MacGregor baseball in his backpack. Case 0469was found with a bracelet, a simple green ribbon tied in a knot. Case 0519 carried Psalms and Revelation, torn from a Spanish Bible. Case 0377 kept a single grain of rice inside a hollow cross. One side of the grain read Sara, and the other read Rigo.

The belongings are part of a border-crossers’ morgue at a Texas State University lab here — an inventoried collection of more than 2,000 objects and 212 bodies, the vast majority unidentified.

All 212 were undocumented immigrants who died in Texas trying to evade Border Patrol checkpoints by walking across the rugged terrain. Most died from dehydration, heatstroke or hypothermia. Even as the number of people caught trying to illegally enter the United States from Mexico has dropped in recent months, the bodies remain a constant, grim backdrop to the national debate over immigration.

“When we get them, we assign them a case number because we have to have a way of tracking cases, but no one deserves to be just a number,” said Timothy P. Gocha, a forensic anthropologist with Operation Identification, a project at Texas State University’s Forensic Anthropology Center that analyzes the remains and personal items of the immigrants to help identify them. “The idea is to figure out who they are, and give them their name back.”

The collection in San Marcos represents only a fraction of the total deaths. Hundreds of immigrants have died crossing the border in Texas in recent years, and hundreds of others have died in the three other states that share a border with Mexico — Arizona, California and New Mexico.

In South Texas, the number of deaths has overwhelmed some local officials and made the grisly discovery of decomposing bodies a commonplace occurrence. The body count since 2014 stands at nine at one ranch, 17 at another and 31 at a third. A former governor of Texas, Mark W. White Jr., called the authorities in 2014 after he found part of a human skull on a quail-hunting trip near a Border Patrol checkpoint.

“It was an awful thing,” said Mr. White, 77. “The first question that was asked of us was, ‘Is the body fresh?’ The lady who was answering the call said, ‘We can’t pick him up today because we have three fresh ones we have to pick up today.’


Forensic analysis of remains and other remains can be complemented by three-dimensional (3D) scanning. Among the available methods, we highlight the short distance photogrammetry, which consists of extracting 3D geometric information from photographic images. The objective of this study was to compare five scanning systems (Photoscan, 123dCatch, ReCap360, PPT-GUI and OpenMVG + MVS) regarding the operability and quality of 3D meshes generated from 42 photographs of a dry skull taken with a smartphone. Two ABFO # 2 metric scales were positioned close to the skull. After processing, the resulting 3D point clouds were converted into 3D and / or textured meshes when needed, and resized on a 1: 1 scale. The number of vertices and faces has been recorded. Soon afterwards, all regions that were not part of the skull itself were cut out and again the number of faces and vertices was recorded. For operability, it was evaluated the processing time, need to connect to the Internet, functionality limited by unpaid version, automatic texturing, among other parameters. For quality, the meshes were also evaluated in their visual aspect and in their quantitative aspect of vertices and faces. Although the use of two identical scales has generated artifacts, all programs have generated adequate three-dimensional meshes, with some differences in the final result and operation. Each tool has obtained satisfactory results within its particularities. This technique has been constituted as a precise and low cost alternative, with applicability in the field and / or laboratory, that can improve the quality of the production of the tests.

Anthropological analysis of projectile trauma to the bony regions of the trunk

Ballistics literature often focuses on soft tissue injures and projectile trauma to the cranium. Minimal details on the bony characteristics of projectile trauma to the thorax/abdomen regions have been published. This study aims to analyse projectile trauma to the bony trunk region including the ribs, vertebrae, scapula, sternum and the hip bone to form a better understanding of the characteristics and biomechanics of skeletal trauma caused by a projectile and contribute to the existing database on skeletal trauma caused by projectiles. Fourteen cases of documented projectile trauma to the bony regions of the trunk from the Hamman-Todd Human Osteological Collection at the Cleveland Natural History Museum, Ohio were analysed. Of the 14 individuals with gunshot wounds examined, 40 wounds occurred to the bones. Twenty- four injuries to the ribs, 1 ilium, 11 vertebrae, 3 scapulae, and 1 sternum. Fracture patterns, heaving and bevelling can be used to determine the direction of travel of the projectile which can be evident on the ribs, sternum, scapula and ilium. It is critical to understand the wounding patterns associated with projectile trauma to the torso region as this is often targeted, due to being the centre of mass.

Anthropological analysis of projectile trauma to the bony regions of the trunk. Available from: [accessed Aug 24, 2017].



Morphological Study: Ultrastructural Aspects of Articular Cartilage and Subchondral Bone in Patients Affected by Post-Traumatic Shoulder Instability


Post-traumatic shoulder instability is a frequent condition in active population, representing one of most disabling pathologies, due to altered balance involving joints. No data are so far available on early ultrastructural osteo-chondral damages, associated with the onset of invalidating pathologies, like osteoarthritis-OA. Biopsies of glenoid articular cartilage and sub-chondral bone were taken from 10 adult patients underwent arthroscopic stabilization. Observations were performed under Transmission Electron Microscopy-TEM in tangential, arcuate and radial layers of the articular cartilage and in the sub-chondral bone. In tangential and arcuate layers chondrocytes display normal and very well preserved ultrastructure, probably due to the synovial liquid supply; otherwise, throughout the radial layer (un-calcified and calcified) chondrocytes show various degrees of degeneration; occasionally, in the radial layer evidences of apoptosis/autophagy were also observed. Concerning sub-chondral bone, osteocytes next to the calcified cartilage also show signs of degeneration, while osteocytes farther from the osteo-chondral border display normal ultrastructure, probably due to the bone vascular supply. The ultrastructural features of the osteo-chondral complex are not age-dependent. This study represents the first complete ultrastructural investigation of the articular osteo-chondral complex in shoulder instability, evaluating the state of preservation/viability of both chondrocytes and osteocytes throughout the successive layers of articular cartilage and sub-chondral bone. Preliminary observations here collected represent the morphological basis for further deepening of pathogenesis related to shoulder instability, enhancing the relationship between cell shape and microenvironment; in particular, they could be useful in understanding if the early surgical treatment in shoulder instability could avoid the onset of OA. Anat Rec, 300:1208–1218, 2017. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.


From Biography to Osteobiography: An Example of Anthropological Historical Identification of the Remains of St. Paul


In the identification process of historical figures, and especially in cases of Saint’s bodies or mummified remains, any method that includes physical encroachment or sampling is often not allowed. In these cases, one of the few remaining possibilities is the application of nondestructive radiographical and anthropological methods. However, although there have been a few attempts of such analyses, no systematic standard methodology has been developed until now. In this study, we developed a methodological approach that was used to test the authenticity of the alleged body of Saint Paul the Confessor. Upon imaging the remains on MSCT and post-processing, the images were analyzed by an interdisciplinary team to explore the contents beneath the binding media (e.g., the remains) and to obtain osetobiographical data for comparison with historical biological data. Obtained results: ancestry, sex, age, occupation, and social status were consistent with historical data. Although the methodological approach proved to be appropriate in this case, due to the discrepancy in the amount of data, identity could not be fully confirmed. Nonetheless, the hypothesis that the remains do not belong to St. Paul was rejected, whilst positive identification receives support. Anat Rec, 300:1535–1546, 2017. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.